Strategies for Managing ADHD Children
When you have a child with severe behavioural problems or it thought that they may have ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, it is not just a problem for school, teachers and your child's education. The disruption to family life is enormous.
The Battle of WillsFamilies with an ADHD child can easily become locked in a daily battle of wills between both parent and child. Capitulation doesn't happen, as a child with ADHD does not respond to the usual incentives and disciplinary measures. This battle can last for years with the result that the entire family suffers.
Any parent with an ADHD child will recognise the following pattern: a child fails to complete a chore or task that is expected of them. In response, parents set ever increasing limits on the child's behaviour; the severity of punishments and penalties for continued failures escalate, without success.
In response, the child grows angry and is increasingly defiant. Parents become increasingly angry, seeing their child as one who simply has a bad attitude and needs to shape up, rather than a child with a real, neurological problem. Very rapidly, both parents and children can become locked into a negative behavioural cycle, which leaves parents, the ADHD child and any siblings unhappy and miserable. The whole way of family life is disrupted.
The only way to break this cycle is for family members to work together. ADHD behaviour patterns need to be allowed, but should be positively encouraged to change. This statement is easily said, but how can it be done when so many of the ADHD behaviours are unacceptable?
Strategies for Managing ADHD Behaviour at HomeTo enlist a families help, the first step is to educate every family member about what ADHD or ADD is, and what it means in terms of how an ADHD child behaves.
This will make it easier for everyone to understand that it is necessary to negotiate solutions to problems with an ADHD child, and that everyone's expectations must be changed. Understanding how ADHD can affect a child's behaviour and their emotional understanding and perception of the world is important.
The Child versus The ProblemAs soon as a parent is aware that their child has ADHD or ADD, they need to separate the child from their medical condition. ADHD isn't anyone's fault, it just is, and must be managed.
Any child who has been permanently in trouble, with many previous comments about how their behaviours have been mean, nasty or unkind is likely to have a strong dislike of themselves. For this reason it is even more important for parents to repeatedly tell their ADHD child that they love them regardless of their behaviour. Parents need to be conscientious about noticing and commenting on good behaviour, however small, every time it happens. In the heat of an argument, this first rule can easily be forgotten.
A Family AffairThe whole family has to be involved in helping to find solutions, since a child's ADHD behaviour affects everyone. If grandparents, aunts and cousins view a child as lazy, rude or badly behaved they will behave in a negative manner towards that child when they see them, which will damage parental efforts.
Immediate families can meet together for group discussions about how to deal with a specific problem; only one problem should be taken on at a time.