ADHD and Dropping Out of School
Keeping young people in school is critical to ensuring they have the best chances of finding a job later, particularly where post-secondary education is required. A number of different factors can influence the likelihood of a teenager staying in school, with ADHD being another one recently identified in a scientific study.
Higher Risk of Dropping Out of SchoolIt was found that teenagers who suffer from ADHD are much less likely to complete school on time in comparison with students who had other mental health disorders. In fact, the other disorders are often perceived as being significantly more serious than ADHD. In the study, almost a third of the teenagers who were diagnosed with ADHD drop out of school or delay the completion of school.
Types of ADHDThere are different forms of ADHD, with one being the hyperactive form, another being the inattentive form and the third being a combined form. Many adults believe that when a student is ‘misbehaving’ such as when they steal, this is the instance where they are more likely to become a dropout.
Lifetime Limitations and ChallengesBut this new study has shown that teenagers who suffer from the combined form of ADHD, which is the most common one, have a significantly higher chance of dropping out than the students who just have issues with discipline at school. This could mean that children who suffer from ADHD will have an enormous challenge to experience success in school, which can further limit them later in life.
ADHD Symptoms and SchoolIn the study, just over thirty percent of the pupils with this combined form of ADHD drop out of school, compared to fifteen percent with no mental health disorder. It is thought that ADHD impacts this rate because young people will have more difficulties completing basic but important classroom functionalities such as paying attention to lectures as well as completing and turning in their homework on time.
Another factor that similarly worsened the risk of dropping out of school was tobacco use – more so than alcohol and drug use. With other studies linking ADHD and tobacco use, it will be important in the future to examine all factors together in terms school performance.